What are the symptoms associated with Parkinson disease?
There are four cardinal symptoms. At least two of these symptoms must be present in order for a physician to suspect a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease.
- Most recognized symptom
- Seen initially in about 75% of persons with PD
- Typically begins on one side
- More noticeable at rest
- Often presents as "pill rolling"
- Increases with stress
- Tremor can involve hands, arms, foot, leg, chin, jaw, or tongue
- Involuntary increase in muscle tone resulting in continuous resistance
- Tremor superimposed on the rigidity presents as a ratchet-like sensation known as "cog wheeling"
- Rigidity underlies the stooped posture, forward flexed head, flexed knees and elbows
- (Slowness of movement ) is the central, most significant movement disorder in PD
- Inhibits all aspects of activities of daily living (ADL)
- Secondary effects include decreased arm swing while walking & eye blink, facial masking, slowed chewing & swallowing
- Typically the last of the "cardinal" symptoms to appear
- Not usually responsive to dopaminergic treatment
- Appears to be a problem with the "righting reflex"
There are a number of secondary motor symptoms and non-motor features that are associated with Parkinson's disease also.
Some of the secondary motor symptoms include:
- Impaired fine and gross motor coordination
- Speech impairment
- Swallowing difficulties
Some of the non-motor features include
- Olfactory Dysfunction
- Visual Dysfunction
- Behavioral Dysfunction
- Sleep Disturbances
- Respiratory Dysfunction
- Autonomic Dysfunction
Your gift will be used to improve programs and services which benefit Parkinson patients, their families and caregivers.
We are committed to providing the public with the most up-to-date information available on Parkinson's disease, its causes, treatments, and opportunities for optimal health.
Support groups share information and offer mutual support. Group members are often the sounding board in talking out fears, concerns, or set backs and celebrating victories along the way.