How are symptoms treated?

Physicians can use different combinations of management strategies based on the needs of each patient and treatment philosophy.

Common treatments for PD include:


Carbidopa/Levodopa products increase the amount of Dopamine in the affect area of the brain

Dopamine agonists make the existing Dopamine more effective by binding to receptor sites on the neurons

Inhibitors that block the breakdown of levodopa and/or dopamine

MAO-B inhibitors

COMT Inhibitors


Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS)

In certain patients, DBS can treat the same symptoms as levodopa, but can minimize dyskinesia, wearing off and tremor. This procedure makes use of electrodes placed in the midbrain and hooked up to pacemaker type devices to improve or manage symptoms. DBS may also decrease the need for medication.

Complimentary and Adjunctiveself-care strategies are essential for optimal management and should include:

  • Nutrition and dietary considerations
  • Exercise
  • Stress management

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